Published annually since 2011, the rankings are based on academic reputation, employer reputation and research citations. Research citations, along with the results of major global surveys of employers and academics are used to rank universities. Data included: Overall rank & score; Academic Reputation (rank & score) Employer Reputation (rank & score) The QS World University Rankings by Subject 2020 cover a total of 51 disciplines, grouped into five broad subject areas. The results are then scaled and normalized using the same methods applied to the other indicators. The aggregate figures of papers and citations for each institution, and on top of that, the H-Index and Citation Per Paper indicators, are generated following the standard Subject Rankings 2020 Methodology. This is a global exercise and will recognize institutions that have an international influence in these disciplines. And in areas where universities themselves can provide data, the efficiency with which it is collected varies by region. These four components are combined to produce the results for each of the subject rankings, with weightings adapted for each discipline. More information about this year’s methodology is available. As part of QS Global Academic Survey, respondents are asked to identify universities they consider excellent within one of five areas: The results of the academic reputation component of the new subject rankings have been produced by filtering responses according to the narrow area of expertise identified by respondents. There are a few other clarifying points regarding our treatment of Scopus data; most, if not all of which also apply to our analysis for the forthcoming cycle of regional and global rankings: Following the publication of the 2014 results it became clear that, in some cases, a minority of papers were being overlooked by the mapping and import processes devised by QSIU. Such cases appeared to be concentrated in the Social Sciences and Humanities areas. This has some advantages in that it does a good job of taking into account the size of an institution, yet allows us to penetrate deeply into the global research landscape. Additional questions relating to general feedback and recommendations. Similarly the popularity of particular disciplines amongst employers varies greatly, and placing the same emphasis on employer opinion in economics and philosophy therefore makes little sense. After careful consideration and in response to feedback, the decision has been taken to extend the window for both reputation measures, with responses from the earliest two years carrying a relative weight of 25% and 50% respectively. From the 2011 survey additional questions have been asked to gather specific opinion in the respondent’s own narrow field of expertise. The data is provided in MS Excel 2016 format. The resulting paper threshold for each discipline is also shown, representing the minimum number of papers an institution must have published in the last five years in order to qualify for our tables in a given subject. The first two of these are QS’s global surveys of academics and employers (83,000 academics and 42,000 employers), which are used to assess institutions’ international reputation in each subject. Employers are asked to identify up to ten domestic and thirty international institutions they consider excellent for the recruitment of graduates. World University Rankings by subject . Publication and citation rates are far higher in life sciences and natural sciences than in social sciences or arts & humanities and therefore there is more data. In a large institution producing a lot of research, a research group that is cutting edge can be lost in a citations per paper approach, whereas in h-index analysis, it is the unimportant research that gets overlooked. 2019 QS World University Rankings by Subject - Classics & Ancient History . Respondents provide their name, contact details, job title and the institution where they are based, Section 2: Knowledge Specification Universities are scored according to academic reputation, employer reputation and research impact (number of citations per paper). A small number of respondents specified their preference through the ‘other’ option provided in the survey, leading to a slightly different total for mechanical engineering. Academic reputation has been the centrepiece of the QS World University Rankings® since their inception in 2004. This year’s rankings illuminate sustained improvement throughout the Chinese system, QS reports, with 25 of China’s 42 ranked universities improving their position and only nine dropping in rank. In the online tool, you’ll be asked to select a subject you want to study. We receive this in April/May of each year. Sowter said: “Though the overall narrative for Chinese higher education is a highly positive one, its leaders should not lose sight of the importance of producing highly employable graduates. These notes outline the methodology taken to compile three new subject rankings in Geology, Geophysics and Petroleum Engineering. As with the overall tables, our analysis places an emphasis on international reputation over domestic. The QS World University Rankings, which rank universities overall, rather than at subject level, will be published later this year. These subjects have either zero or a low number of papers in Scopus, and are denoted in the above by a paper threshold of 0. © QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 1994-2019. Bespoke comparative data regarding your institution’s University Rankings performance relative to at least 15 peer universities, enabling you to identify why you rank in the position you do in subject … Find the best universities for medicine using Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings data. Clinical, pre-clinical & health. All rights reserved. The Danish business school has improved its score for diversity since last year’s ranking. A minimum publication threshold has been set for each subject to avoid potential anomalies stemming from small numbers of highly cited papers. from 2012 to 2016 inclusive for the 2019 results) with six years of citations considered (2012 to 2017 for the 2019 rankings), Self-citations are excluded from all citation counts. For this reason the methodology for QS World University Rankings by Subject has been narrowed to include only those indicators that bypass the direct involvement of institutions and can reliably be stratified by subject discipline. The second two indicators assess research impact, based on research citations per paper and h-index in the relevant subject. - The ninth edition of the QS World University Rankings by Subject includes 1,128 universities, from 73 locations, assessed across 48 subjects. View the World University Rankings 2020 by subject: computer Tweet on Twitter. However, when working in a single discipline where differing characteristics by discipline are eliminated, they are more effective and bias is broadly eliminated. Multidisciplinary publications are considered by way of classification from Scopus. Since 2015 – Extended Survey Response Period. Report Post. QS Quacquarelli Symonds – global higher education think-tank – today released the tenth edition of the QS World University Rankings by Subject: an extensive guide to … In the overall QS World University Rankings® we use a measure of citations per faculty. The survey samples contributing to this work have been growing substantially over the lifetime of the project, resulting in inherently more robust reputation measures. Psychology. For Geology, these categories cover the most important fields of expertise for this subject. Business & economics. Physical sciences. The h-index is an index that attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. Of course publication patterns are very different in different subjects and this needs to be taken into account both in terms of the thresholds that are used and the weights applied to the citations indicator. The threshold for including the employer component in any discipline is 300. This year’s table has expanded to include 749 universities, up from 684 last year. Computer science. Arts & humanities. We also have the overall reputational results from the employer survey and in each of the faculty areas of the academic survey. Request Copy: The QS World University Rankings by Subject have been published annually since 2004. Another approach may have been to replace the citations measure altogether, but the citations measure provides a measure of consistency, rewarding institutions whose performance is solid across the discipline, regardless of whether they have stellar research groups in the mix too. From 2012, a greater emphasis is placed on the opinions of the employers that are specifically interested in only the given discipline. Many students’ career paths are indirectly related to their degree discipline. Copenhagen Business School has climbed six places to joint ninth, a rank it shares with ESCP Europe Business School.. From examining where these two questions intersect we can infer a measure of excellence in a given discipline. These challenges become more pronounced when the focus of a ranking is narrowed to a particular aspect of university performance. Due to the impracticality of reliably gathering faculty numbers broken down by discipline, for the purposes of this exercise we have measured citations per paper. The results were released on Wednesday, March 4, 2020 by QS, a British company. This year’s QS World University Rankings reveals the top 1,000 universities from around the world, covering 80 different locations. The rankings display the best universities for 48 different academic subjects. The QS MBA and university rankings are among the best-known in the world. Disclaimer – QS World University Rankings® by Subject. The 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings table for computer science uses the same trusted and rigorous performance indicators as our overall ranking, but the methodology has been recalibrated to suit the discipline. We encourage institutions to liaise with Scopus to ensure their research is affiliated correctly. They are also asked to identify from which disciplines they prefer to recruit. It is our view, based on focus groups and feedback from students, that employment prospects are a key consideration for prospective students when choosing a program and a university, regardless of whether or not they envisage a career directly linked to the discipline they choose to study. How to Create Online Content that Drives Students to Your Institution, 2021 QS World University Rankings: EECA Region, Higher Education in 2020: How COVID-19 Shaped this Year. Many indicators of university quality commonly used in domestic rankings, such as the average entry tariff of admitted students, are not yet applicable on an international level and are thus not included in any of these exercises. The Department is ranked 12th in the UK and 49th in the world in the QS rankings. A relatively thorough definition and description of h-index, including advantages and drawbacks, can be found on Wikipedia. Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), one of the leading education consultancies in the world, had released the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2020. Data included: Overall rank & score; Classifications; Academic Reputation (rank & score) The largest ranking of its kind, QS World University Rankings by Subject 2018 showcases some of the best global universities for 48 different subjects. For more information on this process, consult our methodology.. Any international ranking faces various challenges relating to the equal availability and applicability of data within different countries and university systems. While the depth of data available from the UK, Australia and the US may be exemplary it is yet to be matched by that in India, Greece or Brazil, for example. Responses from employers exclusively targeting a specific subject carry a relative weighting of 2. The QS World University Rankings by Subject are compiled annually to help prospective students identify the leading universities in a particular subject. Sign up to receive your copy of the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2020 report. The QS World University Rankings by Subject 2019 have been released, revealing the best universities for 48 different academic subjects. Download your free copy of the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2019 report. Compare the world’s top universities with the latest edition of the QS World University Rankings ®, and explore leading institutions by region and subject.Register for free site membership to access direct university comparisons and additional information, and visit the QS Intelligence Unit for in-depth analysis. The employer survey works on a similar basis to the academic one only without the channelling for different faculty areas. For EACH of the (up to two) faculty areas they identify, respondents are asked to list up to ten domestic and thirty international institutions that they consider excellent for research in the given area. The rankings by subject currently compare more than 13,000 university programmes from more than 1,300 universities worldwide based on four indicators. Overall, the Institution improved on its 2019 performance by 9 places. Find out the methodology behind these higher education tables. These are sourced from Elsevier’s Scopus database, the world’s most comprehensive research citations database. The QS World University Rankings by Subject are compiled annually to help prospective students identify the leading universities in a particular subject. Classics / Ancient History rank 4th internationally in the individual discipline list In the Life Sciences / Medicine area, Heidelberg University is excellently positioned in the new QS World University Rankings by Subject 2020: It improved internationally by six places to 33rd and now ranks first in Germany (2nd in 2019) together with Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. We use a variable approach to the weightings of each indicator for the different subjects. The second two indicators assess research impact, based on research citations per paper and h-index in the relevant subject. For more information, read the methodology. On this basis, employers citing a preference for hiring students from ‘any discipline’ or from broader category areas are also included in subject the scores, but at a considerably lower individual weighting. Conventionally in citations per paper analysis, a paper threshold is required to eliminate anomalies. Two new subjects have been included in this year’s rankings: Classic & Ancient History and Library & Information Management. In order to balance for the effects of this and focus on specialists, two h-indices are calculated; one for all the papers that are attributable to the given subject (h1), and one to the papers that are only attributable to that subject (h2). The QS World University Rankings by Subject are based upon academic reputation, employer reputation and research impact. The charts above provide details of the combinations used in the compilation of the rankings. In 2017, these rankings placed UCL 7 th in the world. Any discipline must have at least 6,000 papers identifiable in the table above for us to include the citations indicator in the table. The QS World University Rankings by subject highlight the world’s top universities in a range of subject areas. The QS World University Rankings assess 1,368 universities in 83 countries across 48 single subjects and five broad subject-areas. law) are weighted at 0.5 relative to the weight of a direct response for the subject area. Rankings; Harvard and MIT dominate The QS World University Rankings by Subject 2019. The QS Subject Rankings have been dismissed as unreliable by Brian Leiter, who points out that programmes that are known to be high quality, and which rank highly in the Blackwell rankings (e.g., the University of Pittsburgh) fare poorly in the QS ranking for reasons that are not at all clear. Many observations surrounded the fact that in some areas, institutions with well-known strengths in a given discipline were undervalued with respect to comprehensive institution with a strong overall reputation and research profile. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. HEC Paris is once again the best institution in the world for master’s in management degrees, while there’s only one new entrant in this year’s top 10. This page outlines the QS approach for doing so, and how it has been used to produce the new QS World University Rankings® by Subject. Infographics Each of the subject rankings is compiled using four sources. A small, focused institution is unlikely to compete with a world leading large institution, but can still hold their own. This year’s table has expanded to include 749 universities, up from 684 last year. The number of academic respondents considered for each qualifying discipline can be seen, along with employer responses, in Figure 2 above. The new QS ranking places the University of Warwick 10th in the UK, 17th in Europe, and 62nd in the world, the same global position as last year’s QS ranking. The index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch, a physicist at UCSD, as a tool for determining theoretical physicists’ relative quality and is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number. © QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 1994-2019. Obviously there are innumerable subject disciplines and sub disciplines. Of course, employability is a slightly wider concern than this alone would imply. It shows the number of paper affiliations indexed – which serves as a proxy for the scale of global research in the discipline – a total of all of the distinct paper affiliations in the discipline that we have been able to attribute to one of the 1,000+ universities that we have mapped into the Scopus database. Engineering & technology. Data included: Overall rank & score; Academic Reputation (rank & score) Employer Reputation (rank & score) A thorough breakdown of respondents by geography, discipline and seniority is available in the methodology section of our main rankings here. Best universities for medicine . If you want to promote your results you can now download official badges for the subjects in which your institution is eligible here. Social sciences. The methodology for the subject rankings is different in many cases than the overall QS rankings; in some cases, the scores from the reputation surveys are even more influential than the 50% for the main ranking: in Art & Design for example, with fewer citations than the sciences, 90% of the subject rank is driven by the academic reputation survey. UCL features amongst the world’s leading institutions in 39 of the 48 subjects featured in this year’s rankings. Journals in Scopus are tagged with a number of ASJC (All Science Journal Classification) codes, which identify the principal foci of the journal in which they were published (multidisciplinary journals are excluded). In 2015 we drew on over 76,000 respondents to compile our results. Many engineers become accountants and few history students wind up pursuing careers closely related to their program. New QS world rankings by subject The Guardian has a summary of UK universities’ performance in the latest QS subject rankings and it looks like Oxford comes out top Institution name Highest rank Subject University of Oxford 1 Geography History Philosophy University of Cambridge 1 English Language and Literature London Business School 3 Accountancy and … This provides an opportunity to apply a further adjustment to the survey measures based on the divergence between performance in a specific discipline, and overall or faculty area performance. The survey is structured in the following way: Section 1: Personal Information Responses from academics expressing knowledge of a single specific discipline given additional weight, Responses from employers seeking graduates from a specific discipline given additional weight, Added weight given to papers in journals that can be exclusive categorized within a specific discipline, Reduced influence given to institutions with very low levels of research output in a field, Double weight applied to the h-index of papers in journals exclusively dedicated to the specific subject, Survey results geared to amplify the achievements of institutions that have a stronger reputation in a specific field than their reputation in the associated broad faculty area in case of academic survey or their overall reputation in case of employer survey.