... official languages are Kurdish, Arabic and Turkoman. L’avevo in wishlist da un po’, ho deciso di leggerlo dopo l’intervento militare turco in Rojava. [74][75][76] As of 2015, Turkey is actively supporting the Al-Nusra,[77] but as of January 2017, Turkey's foreign ministry has said that Al-Nusra is a terrorist group and has acted accordingly. Iraqi Kurdistan is divided into six governorates, three of which (and parts of others) are under the control of the Kurdistan Regional Government. "My mother's face had lost it's smile. Share. Islamic State bomb attack on Houthi rebel leaders in Yemen leaves 28 … [33], In the tenth and eleventh centuries, several Kurdish principalities emerged in the region: in the north the Shaddadids (951–1174) (in east Transcaucasia between the Kur and Araxes rivers) and the Rawadids (955–1221) (centered on Tabriz and which controlled all of Azerbaijan), in the east the Hasanwayhids (959–1015) (in Zagros between Shahrizor and Khuzistan) and the Annazids (990–1116) (centered in Hulwan) and in the west the Marwanids (990–1096) to the south of Diyarbakır and north of Jazira.[34][35]. [53], The incorporation into Turkey of the Kurdish-inhabited regions of eastern Anatolia was opposed by many Kurds, and has resulted in a long-running separatist conflict in which tens of thousands of lives have been lost. A comprehensive history of these states and their relationship with their neighbors is given in the text of Sharafnama, written by Prince Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi in 1597. [10] L'avanzata dell'IS viene frenata dai raid degli Stati Uniti e dalle milizie curde e sciite. Share with: Link: Copy link. Un team italiano ha sviluppato un progetto di ca - pacity building nel Kurdistan iracheno n dal 2015, per creare un centro per il trapianto di cellule staminali ematopoietiche presso l Hiwa Cancer Hospital, a Sulaymaniyah. [31] According to Al-Muqaddasi and Yaqut al-Hamawi, Tamanon was located on the south-western or southern slopes of Mount Judi and south of Cizre. We also thank the Vatican, which has done ... La libanizzazione, come accennato in … The region saw several major Kurdish rebellions, including the Koçgiri rebellion of 1920 under the Ottomans, then successive insurrections under the Turkish state, including the 1924 Sheikh Said rebellion, the Republic of Ararat in 1927, and the 1937 Dersim rebellion. Corduene was situated to the east of Tigranocerta, that is, to the east and south of present-day Diyarbakır in south-eastern Turkey. It is the oldest and first religion in Kurdistan. The Yezidis. The region was declared a closed military area from which foreigners were banned between 1925 and 1965. Yezidi in Kurdistan quale futuro? 3. [61] Many people who spoke, published, or sang in Kurdish were arrested and imprisoned. The Turkish nationalists, led by Mustafa Kemal, were riding high in the early 1920s after their victory against Greeceand were looking to take that momentum into Iraq and take back Mosul.With the British in direct control of northern Iraq after the … [54][55][56], In an attempt to deny their existence, the Turkish government categorized Kurds as "Mountain Turks" until 1991;[57][58][59] The words "Kurds", "Kurdistan", or "Kurdish" were officially banned by the Turkish government. Il raggio dispari sta in alto. Al contrario, ci sono quasi 9 000 uomini d'affari nella regione del Kurdistan la cui ricchezza è sopra un milione di dollari.[16]. Il parlamento della regione del Kurdistan si trova ad Erbil, che è la più grande città curda in Iraq, ma la costituzione curda dichiara che la contesa città di Kirkuk sia la capitale del Kurdistan. In questo periodo, rotti definitivamente i legami con al-Qāʿida, proclama la creazione di un califfato universale (o Stato Islamico, IS nella sigla inglese) con a capo il suo leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, che prende il nome di califfo Ibrāhīm. Kurdistan is not a country, but the map of the Kurdish region includes the geographical region in the Middle East wherein the Kurdish people have historically established a prominent population and unified cultural identity. It means that political stability and peace in the region are important to the water supply of the region and preventing wars. Al-Hasakah province, also known as Jazira region, has geopolitical importance of oil and is suitable for agricultural lands. Syrian Kurdistan is located primarily in northern Syria, and covers the province of Al Hasakah and northern Raqqa Governorate, northern Aleppo Governorate and also Jabal al-Akrad (Mountain of the Kurds) region. The Yezidis of Sinjar: the aftermath of catastrophe. Una importante minoranza è quella religiosa yazida maggiormente presente nel territorio intorno a Sinjar nel Governatorato di Ninive e che ha il proprio luogo più sacro nella tomba dello Shaykh ʿAdī a Lālish a nord-est di Mosul. ma del Kurdistan Iracheno. Presently, Iraqi Kurdistan first gained autonomous status in a 1970 agreement with the Iraqi government, and its status was re-confirmed as the autonomous Kurdistan Region within the federal Iraqi republic in 2005. The Baathist regime of Saddam … Tamanon lies just north of the modern Iraq-Turkey border, while Hazza is 12 km southwest of modern Erbil. Administratively, the 20th century saw the establishment of the short-lived areas of the Kingdom of Kurdistan (1921–1924), Kurdistansky Uyezd i.e. Oriente Moderno. [5] Tuttavia, l'Iraq ha riconosciuto l'autonomia del Kurdistan solo dopo la caduta di Saddam Hussein nel 2003 con una nuova costituzione irachena nel 2005. Crude deliveries are expected to occur on a regular basis. Il più grande lago della regione è il lago Dukan. In: The Middle East in London 11/4, pp. of sex, race, language or religion. in Turkey, 125,000 km² (48,000 sq. The earliest medieval attestation of the toponym Kurdistan is found in a 12th-century Armenian historical text by Matteos Urhayeci. [43], According to Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi in his Sharafnama, the boundaries of the Kurdish land begin at the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf and stretch on an even line to the end of Malatya and Marash. 9-10. Un altro partito che alle elezioni parlamentari del 2014 ha conquistato notorietà è il partito Gorran (trad. stân) is Persian for land. In A Dictionary of Scripture Geography (published 1846), John Miles describes Upper and Lower Kurdistan as following: Modern Curdistan is of much greater extent than the ancient Assyria, and is composed of two parts the Upper and Lower. Gli Stati in cui confina sono la Turchia, lran, l’Iraq, la Siria e l’Armenia. La traduzione di alcuni testi assiri, rinvenuti dai ricercatori dell'Università di Tubinga, hanno svelato un segreto perduto della storia.Il luogo dove sono state rinvenute le tavolette d'argilla, Bassetki, nella regione autonoma del Kurdistan iracheno, sembra essere quello in cui sorgeva l'antica città reale di Mardaman. [65][66][67] Food embargoes were placed on Kurdish villages and towns. Iraqi Kurdistan largely escaped the privations of the last years of Saddam's rule and the chaos that followed his ouster in 2003, and built a parliamentary democracy with a growing economy. «Il pericolo che minaccia il Kurdistan iracheno non è l’Isis, è la crisi economica» ... Islam Shiga Religione Stati Uniti Australia Jackson Studi Obiettivi Di Ripresa Lets Go. Outgunned and untested for years, Kurdish peshmerga struggle, http://previous.cabinet.gov.krd/a/d.aspx?s=010000&l=12&a=18626, http://www.corriere.it/esteri/16_luglio_02/isis-califfato-sta-cambiando-pelle-ma-piu-vivo-che-mai-1adae28a-4020-11e6-9b09-25e75ee8bd2e.shtml, http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/isis/iraq/1.729093, http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/cronaca/2017/09/26/il-93-ha-votato-si-per-lindipendenza-del-kurdistan-dalliraq_ca847284-040c-4aec-b5a8-22b0df3b1dfb.html, Referendum sull'indipendenza del Kurdistan iracheno del 2017, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kurdistan_iracheno&oldid=117023919, Pagine con argomenti di formatnum non numerici, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, 26,500,000,000 miliardi milioni di $ (2007). Il ... Nawrūz il capodanno zoroastriano, religione principale prima dell'islamizzazione. Il progetto è Inoltre questa regione possiede materie prime minerarie, in particolare il petrolio, che è sfruttato da numerosi decenni. The Kurdistan Region encompasses most of Iraqi Kurdistan but excludes the disputed territories of Northern Iraq, contested between the Kurdistan Regional Governmentand the central Iraqi government in Baghdad since Southern Kurdish autonomy … It contains five others namely, Betlis, the ancient Carduchia, lying to the south and south west of the lake Van. Al-Sheikhly, O.F. Il 25 settembre 2017 la popolazione curda è stata chiamata alle urne per decidere con un referendum se ottenere una completa indipendenza dall'Iraq[14]. [12] Certain Kurdish nationalist organizations seek to create an independent nation state consisting of some or all of these areas with a Kurdish majority, while others campaign for greater autonomy within the existing national boundaries.[13]. Kurdistan in the Middle Ages was a collection of semi-independent and independent states called emirates. [53] Various sources have reported that Al-Nusra has issued a fatwā calling for Kurdish women and children in Syria to be killed,[73] and the fighting in Syria has led tens of thousands of refugees to flee to Iraq's Kurdistan region. (Labor Code) ... purposes as Arabic in the autonomous region of Kurdistan. … Il governo regionale del Kurdistan dispone di una forza armata nota sotto la denominazione di "Guardie regionali curde" (Kurdish Regional Guards), chiamate anche Peshmerga, dotate di solo armamento leggero. "region of Kurds")[5] or Greater Kurdistan[6] is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population[7] and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. I principali partiti presenti in Kurdistan sono il PDK, radicato nei governatorati di Arbil non vuole rinunciare alla sua antica tradi- However, they were later driven out of Hazza by pagans, and settled in Tamanon, which according to Abdisho was in the land of the Kurds. L'unione, respinta dalla maggior parte della dirigenza di al-Nuṣra e da al-Qāʿida, provoca l'allontanamento dalla rete di al-Qāʿida del nuovo gruppo, che prende il nome di Stato Islamico dell'Iraq e del Levante (ISIS o ISIL nella sigla inglese, Da'ish in quella araba). Uno sguardo all'interno delle barriere professionali e dei problemi di genere Riassunto. Fra essi, 3 sono sotto il controllo del governo regionale del Kurdistan. In the 16th century, after prolonged wars, Kurdish-inhabited areas were split between the Safavid and Ottoman empires. Shawkat Barbahari, an official from the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq, said 30,000 people had escaped to Syria and then been escorted back into Iraqi Kurdistan by Kurdish forces.